Brown-Driver-Briggs has a helpful article on יֵשׁ on page 441.
See Gesenius-Kautzsch §116s, or Joüon-Muraoka §154c regarding the omission of the pronominal subject from nominal clauses. See also the post on the Derived Stems found under the Hebrew 101 link for a reminder about the Pual.
The participle shares characteristics with nouns and with verbs. Like nouns, the participle has gender, number, definiteness, and case. Like verbs, the participle can take an object, has voice (active/passive), has tense (determined by context), and has aspect.
However, it must be kept in mind that the participle in biblical Hebrew (and in other Semitic languages, like Arabic) is not a verb; the participle is not part of the verbal system. Rather, the participle in biblical Hebrew is a noun. Continue reading “The Participle”
Be sure to watch the video on Nominal and Verbal Clauses under the Featured Topics on Syntax link in conjunction with this video.
In Ruth 1:4b we have 2 nominal clauses. See my video on Nominal Clauses for a refresher.
In this video I introduce verbal clauses and explain how they differ in meaning from nominal clauses.